Category: Python

Python code examples

Python – Init a class with a default list property correctly

Sometimes, (but only sometimes) we think that writing too much code is useless and writing less code in python is more readable and performs faster. While in the general case this is true, this article is simply going to show

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Python – Reading and writing to the console

Reading from the console and writing to it is a piece of cake in python. These two functions do it for you perfectly:

Then why am I writing a whole article about it? Well, there is something fancy, if

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Python – Enumerate Lists in a Loop

Plenty of times, when you are looping with a for-each loop in python, you somehow realize that you need a counter. Then you most probably write something ugly like this one:

Why is this ugly? Mainly because the next

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Python – Write a DataFrame or List to multiple tabs in Excel

The idea of the article is to provide a Python code that does the following: Takes a list or DataFrame; Splits it into quite a few smaller parts; Writes each one on a separate Excel worksheet; Pretty much like this:

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Python – Plotting a circle with matplotlib

Plotting a circle with matplotlib library in python is an interesting task. If you google it, you will find quite good answers, but anyway, I am here because I want to summarize my point of view. Pretty much, the idea

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Python – dictionary to CSV

Dictionary to a CSV file is probably a good question, if you are hiring a VBA developer. For a python person it should be a trivial one, as this one should not be even a tough search in Google. Anyway,

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How to get redirect url using Excel VBA or Python

Getting some tiny URL, that redirects you to somewhere else might be dangerous. There are a lot of people, that would never ever click on or, just because they do not know where the redirect is going to

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Python – Find All Substrings Between Two Character Pairs with RegEx

Sometimes you need to do what you need to do – use Regular Expressions for a trivial task. Now, imagine that you have some big text and you need to extract all substrings from the text between two specific words

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Python – Parsing PDFs with Tika

Reading from a pdf is actually quite an easy task with Python. If the PDF is of course “readable”, e.g. made from a word processor. The first thing to do is to install Tika and Java:

Having this, the

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Python – Ordered Dictionary and Heap Queue

After writing about Default Dictionary in Python some time ago, now it is time to take a look at the ordered dictionary and the heap queue as these are built-in structures, coming out of the box. And they are fancy.

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Python – Read and Write to Excel ActiveX Textbox

Reading and writing to an Excel ActiveX textbox with Python can be fun. If you really do not have anything better to do. Anyway, if this is your current task, you are on the correct place to see how it

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Python – Docstring – Help and Comments

Docstrings in Python are actually quite simple – the are 3 times this """ and the code between opening and closing them can be formatted in any possible way. The reason I have decided to dedicate a whole article to

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Python – How to fill Excel cell with image, using python

If you have ever dreamed that it will be possible to fill out an Excel cell with a picture, using Python, then you should probably reevaluate your dreams. Seriously, who dreams of something like that? Without further dreaming, the code

Python – Logging in Python. Formatting with Black

Logging in Python is beautifully implemented with the logging library – It simply does anything you need and you do not need to write something yourself, like I did some time ago here in my VBA Boilerplate. So, if

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Python – Multisets – A class to count the elements of a set

Ok, so you probably have heard about set in Python – it is a collection with non-repeatable elements – as if you are a stamp collector and you need to collect only the unique stamps into your album. However, in

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Python – Writing a Logger in Python with a decorator

Functions in Python are objects. If this is the first time you read this sentence, then you will not get a lot from this article, but it will show you, that there is quite a lot to learn about Python.

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Python – DefaultDict Object. Or how to avoid the Key Error.

Have you seen the error below?

Of course you have. And you know, that it is because you have written something extremely unwise like this:

Yeah. You cannot increment the value of a non-existent key. Unless… Unless you

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VBA and Python – Intersection of dictionaries

Intersection of dictionary (or of any two lists) is a list with elements, that are present in both other lists. Thus, if we have the following 3 dictionaries in Python:

Then, an intersection of their keys will contain only

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Python – Class Variable vs Instance Variables

Class variables vs instance variables could seem a bit strange, if you have no OOP experience, but after a few thausand lines of code they become logical. So, in around two days of programming you will be getting it intuitively

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Python – Difference between __str__ and __repr__

__repr__  and __str__  dunders are quite similar in Python. If you need  a quick summary of these 2, then these 3 points will be enough: __repr__ dunder presents the class object, whenever it is called by the terminal __str__ dunder

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Json.dump vs json.dumps in Python

The difference between json.dump and json.dumps is actually quite visible: dump()  – dumps into a file or StringIO dumps()  – dumps a string, that could be printed Still, I am going to give a few example with these, as the

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Python – Iterators

One of the benefits of having your own blog and not following any schedule for subjects to write about is that you may write for whatever you feel like, whenever you feel like. So, Iterations in Python is the subject

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Django – CRUD application with Python

Making a CRUD application with Python is actually one of the basic thing a Python Developer should be able to do. Although some may argue it is extremely basic – it is not. Requirements The basic requirements for this one,

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Django – Making a simple web app with 4 links

The idea of the article is to show how to make a simple Django App, with 4 links, each of which navigates to a specific page. The whole code of the “app” is in GitHub, here: In general, these are

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Python – Exception handling

Exception handling in python is actually quite an interesting topic. In general, the exceptions in programming could be of three types: syntactic errors – these would be noticed by your IDE or by the interpretor, thus you do not need

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Using API calls with VBA and Python to Read and Write to a Database

Using API calls with VBA and Python to write a database is actually a pretty decent architecture. Here, I would like to say that “It takes the best of the both worlds”, but the truth is that it takes the

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Python – Virtual Environment

This is a short step-by-step introduction on how to build virtual environment in Python and how to use it. Virtual envirnments keep dependencies, required by the specific project separated. Thus, it is the “clean and clear” place of the project,

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Python – Django Girls – Introduction to Django – Video

Months ago, I was planning to take part in the #RailGirls event in Sofia, and I was even a partner in the event. Anyway, as it was postponed up to somewhere in the future, I have decided to go through

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Python – Writing Unit Tests with unittest library – Video

In the previous article for abstraction and inheritance I wrote some classes, showing the basics of these two programming concepts. In this one, I will write unit tests for one of the classes, written before. Software testing is an important

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Python – Abstraction and Inheritance – Video

Abstract classes in Python are classes that inherit from the ABC (Abstract base class). In the video below, I have solved a problem, showing how 2 classes inherit from an abstract class and implement its methods. The abstract class is

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